A form of severe social withdrawal, called hikikomori, has been frequently described in Japan and is characterized by adolescents and young adults who.
Keywords. hikikomori; social withdrawal; diagnosis; culture-bound syndrome .. Indeed, one informal survey of 103 Japanese child and adult.
In Japan, hikikomori are reclusive adolescents or adults who withdraw from society and seek .. "Hikikomori, a Japanese Culture-Bound Syndrome of Social Withdrawal? A Proposal for DSM-5". Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 198 (6).
A total of 2,605 people took part, from elementary school students to working adults up to 25 years of age. The survey was based on the 20-item.